Naltrexone Augmented with Prazosin Is Highly Effective for Alcohol Use Disorder

Murray Raskind, of the VA Northwest Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, conducted a translational proof-of-concept randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the mu-opioid receptor antagonist, naltrexone, augmented with the alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist, prazosin, for alcohol use disorder in veterans.

“Prazosin was titrated over 2 weeks to a target dose of 4 mg QAM, 4 mg QPM, and 8 mg QHS. Naltrexone was administered at 50 mg QD…. In the NAL-PRAZ condition, % reductions from baseline for all three primary outcome measures exceeded 50% and were at least twice as large as % reductions in the NAL-PLAC condition.

They concluded: “These results suggest that prazosin augmentation of naltrexone enhances naltrexone benefit for AUD. They are consistent with preclinical studies in rodent models of AUD and strengthen rationale for an adequately powered definitive RCT. “

Accelerated iTBS Treats Bipolar Depression in 5 Days

Yvette Sheline, of the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, reported that 10 intermittent theta burst stimulations (iTBS) per day for 5 days yielded dramatic improvement in patients with bipolar depression – both immediately after the iTBS as well as at 4 weeks.

Resting-state functional MRI was used to individually target the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC), the region most anticorrelated with the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC).


David Lewis of U. Pittsburgh showed that the glutamate neurons in the prefrontal cortex of patients with schizophrenia are deficient in the gamma (30-50 Hz) oscillations that are responsible for normal working memory.

Not only are dendrites and spines deficient in these neurons in layer 3 of the cortex, but there is a deficit in parvalbumin GABA inhibitory neurons. The GABA enzyme GAD 67 is lower, producing less inhibition. The frontal neurons are hypoactive and there is less BDNF and oxidative phosphorylation present, yielding decreases in mitochondrial function.


C. H. van Dyck from Yale talked about the diagnosis and treatment of Alzheimer’s dementia.

New brain imaging data have revealed that Lecanemab cannot only highly significantly delay memory decline but also improve PET measures of amyloid and tau. Early illness in those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) can be detected; results indicate better effects of treatment Lecanemab in those with earlier and milder illness compared to those with more severe illness.